Collaborating to create an Information Literacy Continuum

These pages represent a collaborative effort to create a document to support teacher-librarians working in inquiry-based learning environments and borrows heavily from the New York City Information Fluency Continuum, the IB-based work of Ingrid Skirrow, and the inquiry-based work of Kath Murdoch. Special thanks to Dianne McKenzie for sharing and allowing us to borrow from her own adaptions of the NYC Info Continuum for Discovery College.

Collaborative Information Fluency (CIF)

CIF Kindergarten
CIF Grade 1
CIF Grade 2
CIF Grade 3
CIF Grade 4
CIF Grade 5
CIF Grade 6
CIF Grade 7
CIF Grade 8
CIF Grade 9
CIF Grade 10
CIF Grade 11
CIF Grade 12

Practical Application

Document ideas to support practical application of the CIF in planning and teaching


Reflections and Suggestions

The view from the Big 6 from Doug Glenn at SSIS

Inquiry Phases

Connect:Connecting to own interests, prior knowledge, and background knowledge

Wonder: Asking questions, making predictions, forming tentative thesis

Investigate: Finding and evaluating information to answer questions

Construct: Constructing new understandings, forming opinions, drawing conclusions

Express: Applying new understandings to new context; expressing new ideas to share with others

Reflect: Reflecting on own learning; asking new questions


Information Fluency Skills - Benchmarks - Kindergarten - Grade 2

Information Fluency Skills - Benchmarks - Grade 3 - 5

Information Fluency Skills - Benchmarks - Grade 6 - 8

Information Fluency Skills - Benchmarks - Grades 9 - 12

Priority Benchmark Skills - Kindergarten - Grade 5

Priority Benchmark Skills - Grades 6 - 8

Priority Benchmark Skills - Grades 9 - 12

Related Documents

Student ICT Expectations


Stripling Model of Inquiry

IB Resources for TLs

The Points of Inquiry: A Framework for Information Literacy and the 21st Century Learner

A Model Curriculum for Pennsylvania School Library Programs

Illinois Standards Aligned Instruction for Libraries (I-SAIL)


Guided Inquiry: Learning in the 21st Century

New York City Department of Education / Office of Library Services: Information Fluency Continuum

"They are never too young to develop research skills: Primary age students in the library following the International Baccalaureate Primary Years Programme" by Ingrid Skirrow

Discovery College Digital & Information Literacy by Dianne Mckenzie

Integrated Inquiry planning model by Kath Murdoch

Information Search Process by Carol Kuhlthau

The Prague Declaration: "Towards an Information Literate Society"